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CHINA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NEWSLETTER (2013 NO.7)
驻休斯敦总领馆

President Xi Applauds Success of Tianhe-2

  President Xi Jinping lately made an important written instructions congratulating National University of Defense Technology on the development of a  supercomputer, Tianhe-2, and extending his sincere greetings to all those who have worked tirelessly for the system. 
   Xi said Tianhe-2 showed that China has come to the forefront of the world in the field of supercomputer. He hoped the research team could summarize their experiences, make efforts for independent innovation and strengthen frontier research to contribute more to science and technology advancement and an innovative country. Supported by the 863 High Technology Program,
  Tianhe-2 is successfully built and becomes the world's new No. 1 system with a peak performance of 54.9 petaflop per second and 33.9 petaflop floating point operations per second according to the 41st TOP500 list of the world's most powerful supercomputers. The list was announced on June 17 during the opening session of the 2013 International Supercomputing Conference in Leipzig, Germany.

Inter-ministerial Coordination Group Established for National Technology Innovation Project

  An inter-ministerial coordination group consisting of MOST, National Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance and 12 other agencies and institutions was founded and held its first meeting on June 7, 2013. With coordination among the group members and pooling of resources, the group will work for innovation of enterprises through a set of policies on science and technology, industrial development, taxation and finance.
  At the meeting, the group identified some major tasks and measures, which are related to enhancing innovation capacity of enterprises, promoting synergy of enterprises, universities and research institutes, pooling innovation elements to enterprises and creating a sound ecosystem for innovation. Efforts will be made to increase the R&D-to-sales ratio in large and mediumsized enterprises to 1.5 percent by 2015. The investment of R&D and innovation by leading companies will reach the international level. The invention patent applications and grants will double. A batch of innovative enterprises with strong international competitiveness will grow up. The core competitiveness in major industries will upgrade remarkably. The technology innovation system will be formed with enterprises as the major player, market as the guidance and research as a support.
  Vice Minister of Science and Technology Wang Zhigang emphasized in his concluding remarks that reform will be carried out to strengthen the role of enterprises as the major player of innovation. Innovation capacities of enterprises will be enhanced as a core task through improved mechanism, good innovative conditions and environment. The members of coordination group will strengthen their coordination to promote the National Technology Innovation Project. The ministerial officials with NDRC, MOF, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, People's Bank of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences, All-China Federation of Trade Unions and All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce also delivered remarks at the meeting.

Wang Yaping Becomes China's First "Space Lecturer"

  Ms. Wang Yaping, assisted by her two colleagues travelling in Shenzhou-10 spacecraft, delivered a science lecture on space knowledge from China's highest podium----Tiangong-1 space station, which is over 300km away from the Earth. In the 40-minute lecture, the astronauts showed mass measurement, pendulum movement, twirled gyroscope, making a water film and a floating water ballon, and so on, demonstrating how the features of physical movement and surface tension of liquid change due to weightlessness. They also took questions from the audience on the ground. This telecast lecture was watched by tens of millions of students and teachers from about 80,000 middle schools across China.
  Ms. Wang was born and raised in the rural area of Yantai city, Shandong province of China, and entered Changchun Flight Academy as a pilot candidate in 1997. As one of the seventh group of female pilots in China, she can fly four kinds of aircraft and took part in the important missions for Beijing Olympic Games and Wenchuan earthquake. In 2010, she became one of China's second batch of astronauts and was further selected as a crew member of the Shenzhou-10 manned space mission in April 2013. On June 20, Wang Yaping became the world's second and China's first "teacher in space".

New Tech Developed for Shock Absorption on Railway Tracks

  A core technology for shock absorbing railroad bed has been developed in China, which can greatly reduce railway shocks near the places with special requirements, such as the laboratories equiped precision instruments, hospitals, schools and cultural relics, etc.
  Dr. Wang Anbin's team, hired by China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation, has achieved breakthroughs in a group of key technologies in non-linear stiffness, dynamic vibration absorber, vibration separation in roadbed as well as specification design to develop removable and safe shock absorption roadbed with indigenous intellectual properties. In addition to shock absorption, the new system is also highly accurate, quite safe and relatively cheap. It is convenient and quick to be installed in tunnels and overpasses, and can be replaced quite easily, thus becoming a good solution for constructions of urban rail transport and high-speed railway in China.

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