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CHINA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NEWSLETTER (2013 NO.5)
驻休斯敦总领馆

Minister WAN Interprets "Innovation-Driven Development" at 12th NPC Press Release

  On March 7, a press release was held for the 1st Plenary Session of 12th National People's Congress, and Minister Wan Gang and other representatives from the scitech community were invited to address "innovation-driven development" strategy.
  R&D input exceeds RMB 1 trillion 
  In 2012, China's total investment on research and development stood at RMB1024 billion, or 1.97% of GDP. 
The national innovation parks, including Zhongguancun, Zhangjiang and Donghu,have made remarkable achievements in sci-tech system reform, industrial development and technology innovation. The 105 hi-techparks generated a total revenue of RMB16 trillion in 2012, or 13.6% of national industrial added value.
  Enterprises grow by undertaking national major projects
  Minister Wan said that the "top priority"of current sci-tech reform is to "make enterprises the major players in technology innovation". In recent years, many companies have achieved tremendous progress by serving as contractors of major national projects, thus promote the development of related industry. Most of the companies working on major projects such as Change satellite, docking of Shenzhou-9 capsule with Tiangong-1 space station, lunar probe and deep sea exploration used to be research institutes. Other national projects, including high speed railway and West-East gas transmission, are carried out by groups consisting of both large domestic companies and SMEs. The government has also launched some special programs aiming at technology commercialization, such as high-end chips, high-end digital machine tools, oil and natural gas, which have obtained an added value of RMB1.1 trillion since 2008.
  Individual efforts needed for air pollution prevention
  WAN said industrial restructuring such as the development of automobile technologies and use of electric vehicles, is only one of the measures to prevent fog and haze. "Each citizen should make their own efforts, for example, adding a filter to the range hood." China also welcomes new technologies from the world to be applied for air pollution treatment.
  No military expenditure included in R&D input
  As for "whether some military expenditure is included in R&D input", WAN explained that there is no division between military and civil use for scientific research itself. In China, military expenditure and R&D input are administered by different departments, and it is clearly stated in national budget.
  Scientific research is beyond boundary
  Every country is putting great emphasis on scitech collaborations. China has already set up sci-tech partnership with over 120 countries and regions. There are many collaborative activities among Chinese researchers and US, EU, Japanese and Korean scientists, and they have generated excellent results. The Chinese government recognizes and rewards the contribution of the foreign experts. A key principle we have been following is that sci-tech cooperation should be separated from diplomatic disputes.
  EV reaches 39,000 by March 2013
  In the area of new energy vehicles, most of the electric cars serve for public transportation system and only a few are private cars.
  When China started to promote electric vehicles in 2009, we focused on the public transportation system. By the end of last year, there were 27,800 electric cars running in China, 80% of which were public buses. In line with local development plans, this number will increase to 39,000 by the end of March. In the future, we will still put the focus on public transport system, but will also encourage private cars powered by new energies.

2012 Top 10 Science Achievements in China

  1. Manned Shenzhou-9 capsule docked with Tiangong-1 space station 
  2. Major progress in scalable quantum information processing extinction event 
  3. Explanation of the patterns of and reasons for Permian-Triassic 
  4. New kind of neutrino oscillation observed at Daya Bay 
  5. Discovery of how two natural specially targeted proteins treat leukemia 
  6. Androgenetic haploid embryonic stem cells proved capable of replacing sperms and delivering genetic modifications in a fast manner 
  7. Bt genetically modified cotton proved to facilitate biological control of pests 
  8. Structural basis of TAL effector protein for DNA recognition found 
  9. The molecular mechanism for autophagocytosis resulted from lack of nutrition revealed 
  10. The use of inverted-structure can improve energy conversion efficiency of polymer photovoltaic cells

China Not Yet an Innovative Country

  Funded by the Department of Policy, Regulations and Reform of MOST and the National Program on Soft Science, China Regional Innovation Capacity Report 2012 was issued at the end of last year.
  Since the Chinese government affirmed the target of building an innovative country and the Innovationdriven Strategy of Development in the report of the 18th CPC National Congress, local governments have forged ahead toward that goal. The research team divides economic development into five stages: factorsdriven development, transition from factors-driven to investment-driven development, investment-driven development, transition from investment-driven to innovation-driven development, and innovation-driven development. According to the study, Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Zhejiang have entered the stage of innovation-driven development. Shandong, Hubei, Liaoning, Fujian and Sichuan bear witness to transition from investment-driven to innovationdriven development. 13 localities including Chongqing municipality are still relying on investment. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Shanxi, Hainan, Shaanxi, Inner Mongolia and Heilongjiang are still making the transition from factors-driven to investment-driven development.
  In conclusion, the Report says China hasn't become an innovative country yet, though a few provinces and municipalities have realized innovation-driven development. With 19 localities still relying on investment and production factors, China has a long way to go in pursuing the goal of an innovative country.

Information Release: 2013 China (HangZhou) International Industry Exposition

  ◎ Time: May.9,2013 
  ◎ Venue: Hangzhou 
  ◎ Sponsor: China Machinery Industry Federation 
  ◎ Contact Person: Cao Renlan 
  ◎ Tel: 86-10-68594974 
  ◎ Fax: 86-010-68513867 
  ◎ Email: Cmif-gi@mei.net.cn

Information Release: 12th International Vacuum Exhibition

  ◎ Time: May.15,2013 
  ◎ Venue: Beijing 
  ◎Sponsor:Chinese Vacuum Society, China Association for Science and Technology(CAST) 
  ◎ Contact Person: Wang Chenchen 
  ◎ Tel: 86-10-68528491 
  ◎ Fax: 86-010-68571897

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