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CHINA SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NEWSLETTER (2013 NO.2)
驻休斯敦总领馆

China Adopts the 12th Five-Year Plan for Energy Development

On October 24th, 2012, Premier Wen Jiabao chaired the State Council Executive Meeting. This meeting discussed and adopted the 12th ive-Year Plan for Energy Development, reviewed and readopted the Nuclear Power Safety Plan (2011-2020) and the Medium-and Long-Term Development Plan of Nuclear Power (2011-2020). The adopted 12th Five-Year Plan for Energy Development states that during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, China should speed up the transformation of energy production and utilization pattern; give priority to energy conservation strategies; comprehensively increase the efficiency of conversion and utilization in energy development; reasonably control the aggregate energy consumption; and build a safe, stable, economical and clean modern energy industrial system. The major tasks shall be: 1) intensify exploration and development of domestic resources; 2) promote the efficient and clean conversion of energy; 3) further change the energy supply model; 4) speed up the construction of energy storage and transportation facilities to enhance the ability of providing emergency supply; 5) implement the "energy for public livelihood" projects and provide universal access to basic public energy services for both urban and rural population; 6) reasonably control the aggregate energy consumption; 7) advance the reform in several key areas such as electricity, coal, petroleum and natural gas, rationalize the energy pricing mechanism, and encourage private capital to flow into the energy industry.

The 12th Five-Year Plan for NC Generation Mechanical Products Innovation and Application Demonstration Project

The 12th Five-Year Plan for Numerical Control (NC) Generation Mechanical Products Innovation and Application Demonstration Project is issued for the purpose of implementing the Outline of the National Program for Medium- and Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development (2006-2020), accelerating the reform of manufacturing industry, upgrading the mechanical equipment with NC technologies and promoting the progress in mechanical engineering. The overall objective of this demonstration project is to, through the extensive application of NC technologies and products, enhance the innovation capability of enterprises in mechanical equipment industry, change the mode of production, increase productivity and the added value of mechanical equipment, upgrade the products and mechanical equipment, and ultimately to facilitate the scientific and technological progress in mechanical engineering. The main tasks in the 12th Five-Year Plan period are listed as follows: 1) Make breakthroughs in key generic technologies for NC transformation of mechanical equipment. 2) Carry out demonstration projects in major industries to promote the extensive application. 3) Carry out demonstration projects in pillar industries of key areas to promote the extensive application. 4) Establish an industrial technology standards system (including the development of key technology standards). 5) Improve the application service and training system of NC technologies.

The 12th Five-Year Special Development Plan for Blue Sky Project

In order to implement 12th Five-Year Plan for Environment Protection and the National 12th Five- Year Plan on National Scientific and Technological Development, Ministry of Science and Technology and Ministry of Environmental Protection formulated the 12th Five-Year Special Development Plan for Blue Sky Project to guide and promote the scientific and technological innovation in air pollution prevention, foster and develop energy-conservation and environmentalprotection emerging industries of strategic importance, and improve the quality of atmospheric environment. The overall objective of this Blue Sky Project is to, with improving air quality and safeguarding public health as

the core, substantially enhance innovation capability on atmospheric environment; form a preliminary technology innovation system for air pollution prevention and control that suits the national conditions, including scientific theories on atmospheric environment, pollution control technologies, monitoring and warning technology and decision-support policies; and basically establish an innovative personnel training system for Blue Sky Project and a service system that commercializes technological achievements. The picture below is the "Blue Sky Scientific Development Roadmap".

Progress Made in Chinese Survey on Resources Devoted to Scientific and Technological Activities

It has been 4 years since the national survey on resources devoted to key scientific and technological (S&T) activities was conducted in 2008. In order to further open and share S&T resources and promote the building of an innovative country, the survey of 2012 was adjusted and extended based on the original one. Meanwhile, it focuses more on the use and study of survey data, as can be seen in the S&T Resources Information System developed by the National Science and Technology Infrastructure Center, the study on the Annual Report of the National Survey on Resources Devoted to Key S&T Activities and other efforts. To date, the following detailed information has been collected: over 2,200 independent scientific research institutions funded by government finance; 35,000 large scientific instruments and equipment originally worth 500,000 yuan; 6,247 experimental bases of various types approved by provincial level government agencies or above; 508 preservation institutes at all levels for the germplasm resources of plants, animals and microorganism; 480,000 high-level talents with vicesenior title or above, or with doctor's degree, and their structure, distribution, utilization and dynamic changes. All these were used to establish a resource information database.

1,000 Genomes Project Publishes Inventory of Human Genetic Variation

The latest result of the large-scale international cooperation program, 1,000 Genomes Project, cosponsored by China, US and UK was published on the website of the Nature Magazine on October 31. The cooperation team makes public the most complete integrated linkage map of human genome sequence variation , which will lay a solid foundation for the application of genomics in human disease and health and personalized health care. The cooperation team conducted detailed DNA analysis on genetic variation of 1,092 people drawn from 14 populations around the world, including Africa, Asia, Europe and America. By using the whole genome sequencing, exon target sequence capture and SNP typing and other technologies, a variation map based on the analysis results took shape. It will help human beings find genetic reason for both rare and common diseases.

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