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18TH CPC CONGRESS   Hu Jintao's Report:Ecological Issues

Improve development of China's geographical space. Guided by the principle of maintaining balance between population, esources and the environment and promoting economic, social and ecological benefits, we should keep the pace of development under control and
regulate its space composition. We should leave more space for nature to achieve self-renewal. We should keep more farmland for farmers, and leave to our future generations a beautiful homeland with green fields, clean water and a blue sky. We should enhance our capacity for exploiting marine resources, resolutely safeguard China's maritime rights and interests, and build China into a maritime power.
Promote resources conservation. We shoulddrastically reduce energy, water and land consumption per unit of GDP, and use such resources in a better and more efficient way. We should support the development of energy-efficient and low-carbon industries, new energy sources and renewable energy sources. We should better protect water sources and impose a cap on total water consumption. We should strictly control land use. We should strengthen the exploration, protection and proper exploitation of mineral resources. We should develop a circular economy.
Intensify protection of the ecosystem and the environment. We should launch major projects to restore the ecosystem, increase our capacity for producing ecological products, and take integrated steps to control desertification, stony deserts and soil erosion.
Enhance system-building to promote ecological progress. Resource consumption, environmental damage and ecological benefits should be covered by the system of standards for evaluating economic and social development, and related goals, evaluation methods and
reward and punishment mechanisms should be adopted in keeping with the need of promoting ecological progress.

The 12th Five-Year Special Development Plan for the Technology of Navigation and Location-based Services

In order to further implement the Outline of the National Program for Medium- and Long-Term Scientific and Technological Development (2006-2020), the Ministry of Science and Technology formulated the 12th Five-Year Special Development Plan for the Technology of Navigation and Location-based Services.
The Plan points out that navigation and location based services industry has become, following internet and mobile communication, one of the fastest-growing emerging information industries, with an average annual growth rate of over 50% in recent years and with huge market potential. Facing the enormous demand for fostering navigation and location-based services industry and building national Positioning, Navigation and Timing(PNT) system, China will conduct collaborative research together with Beidou Navigation Satellite System, in
order to enhance the innovative capacity and strengthen the technical support systems; independently develop the core system and make breakthroughs in technologies that are key to industrial development; accelerate the application of scientific and technological achievements and broaden the application domains of navigation and location-based services; promote the application and
industrialization of Beidou Navigation Satellite System and improve the navigation and location-based services industry chain; build the capacity of independently providing controllable navigation and location-based services, and comprehensively improve our core competitiveness in this industry.

MOST Proposes Twelfth Five-Year Plan for the Development of New-Type Display Technologies

In order to implement the Outline of the National Medium- to Long-term Programme for Scientific and Technological Development (2006-2020), the Decision of the State Council on Accelerating the Cultivation and Development of Strategic Emerging Industries and the National Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Scientific and Technological Development, and promote the development of new-type display technologies and industries, the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) has drafted the Twelfth Five-Year Plan for the Development of New-Type Display Technologies (the Plan). Guided by the basic principle of full innovation chain designing, the Plan has laid special emphasis on basic research and the research of new materials, new technologies and new components. It has set the goal of strengthening frontier technological research, developing core materials and key technologies, obtaining core intellectual property, enhancing application research, developing matching materials and key equipment required for the building of the industrial chain, enhancing the development and application of new products, promoting industrialization demonstration, putting R&D outcomes to use in production, improving the planning and top-level designing for developing the full innovation chain of new-type display technologies, and ensuring the sustainable development of the display industry.

A New Development Plan for Meteorological Satellites

On October 24th, 2012, the briefing of China's Meteorological Satellite Development Plan (2011-2020) was held and pointed out that by the year 2020, China will have established a long-term, sustained and stable meteorological satellite observation system so as to ensure the development and operation of meteorological satellites series and their upgrading.
In August 2012, the State Council deliberated on and passed the Meteorological Satellite Development Plan (2011-2020), which explicitly defines the overall demand for efforts of the meteorological satellites undertaking in disaster prevention & mitigation, tackling climate change, sustainable socio-economic development, and national security by the year 2020. Considering future trends and conditions, the plan sets up the following goals in two development stages:
◎ By 2015, we will form an observation group of FY-2 Geostationary Meteorological Satellites to provide in-orbit backup to each other; launch FY-3 Polar-Orbiting Meteorological Satellite; develop GPS Occultation Detectors and hyperspectral Atmospheric Infrared Sounders, so as to improve the ability of atmospheric vertical detection; establish and improve the ground receiving station network that consists of domestic stations and polar stations, which will reduce the time of receiving global observation data from satellites to less than 2 hours, thus realizing the transformation from qualitatively to quantitatively using satellite data.
◎ By 2020, we will form an observation group of FY-4 Geostationary Meteorological Satellites to provide in-orbit backup to each other; develop a three-satellite observation system that includes a morning orbit satellite, an afternoon orbit satellite and a precipitation measuring radar satellite of FY-3 Polar-Orbiting Meteorological Satellites in order to improve the ability to monitor climate change; and establish a remote sensing system that covers the national, provincial, prefecture and county level. China's satellite application will enter into a stage of stable development. We will strengthen detectivity in many areas such as meteorological disasters, climate change, water conservancy, forestry, agriculture, ecology and ocean; increase the proportion of satellite data in numerical forecast models to 90%. By then, the Chinese satellites and their application will approach the world-class level.

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