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中国地质多样性最显著的地区
2019/03/21
中国地质多样性最显著的地区The Most Striking Geological Diversity

新疆南部的库伦山脉、中部的天山山脉和北部的阿尔泰山脉,是中国最大的三个山脉。在三大山脉中间的是塔里木盆地和准噶尔盆地,又是中国最大的两个盆地。这两个盆地中部的塔克拉玛干大沙漠和古尔班通古特大沙漠,又分别是中国第一大和第二大沙漠。高山、洼地、沙漠、风蚀地貌、冰川期堆积(戈壁滩)、地壳运动遗迹等在新疆都有鲜明的表现。


Xinjiang is home to China’s three biggest mountain ranges: the Kunlun Mountains in the south, the Tianshan Mountains in the middle, and the Altai Mountains in the north. In between of the three mountains are the two of China’s largest basins - the Tarim in the south and the Junggar Basin in the north, in which lie respectively the Taklamakan Desert and the Gurbantunggut Desert, the top two biggest deserts in China. Geological features, such as mountains, low-lying lands, deserts, wind-erosion landforms (Yardang landforms), Gobi deserts, and crustal movement vestiges, all have distinctive expressions in Xinjiang.



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